Caring for bonsai properly

Caring for bonsai properly

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If you want to get some Far Eastern flair in the garden or the apartment, a bonsai is the best choice. Only those who take good care of it will enjoy it for a long time.

It's no wonder that there are so many fans of the little bonsai trees. After all, they look lovely and are in no way inferior to their big brothers. This is how you decorate our window sills and they also cut a good figure on the terrace or balcony. But of course this does not come naturally. If you think bonsais don't grow and you don't have to cut them accordingly, you're wrong. These small trees also need regular pruning. And not only that. Bonsai trees naturally also need water and fertilizer.

The most important care measures at a glance

❖ Water bonsai:

In order for bonsai to develop splendidly, of course they need some water. However, you cannot now start pouring cheerfully. With bonsai trees you have to consider a few points when it comes to watering:

  • The bonsai pot must not dry out completely.
  • There should be no waterlogging.
  • The flatter the shell, the more often you have to pour.
  • The warmer it is, the more water the plant needs.
  • Always use rainwater for watering.

You can easily find out for yourself when the time is right for watering. How? With the finger test. Put a finger in the substrate. If you don't feel any moisture, you have to supply the bonsai with water.

❖ Fertilize bonsai:

Bonsai grows between spring and late summer. During this time, you should fertilize your bonsai regularly. The best thing to do is to follow the fertilizer manufacturer's instructions. Always dose a little weaker from spring to late autumn.

You can fertilize your saplings with a real bonsai fertilizer. You can also use a normal full fertilizer for green plants (e.g. available here).

❖ Cut bonsai:

How you cut a bonsai always depends on the variety. It is best to find out about the cutting measures when buying directly from the plant dealer.

However, there are some basic rules that apply to all types of bonsai. So:

  • all branches that move inwards towards the crown are cut off
  • small thin branches growing out of the trunk are trimmed
  • unnaturally bent branches can be removed
  • strong shoots should always be cut off at an angle, directly above the bud
  • weak shoots are cut off at right angles to the direction of growth

Many think that you only have to cut the bonsai above ground, but you also have to cut the roots. The cut of the roots should always be in balance with the cut of the crowns. That means: as much as you cut off at the top, you also have to cut off at the bottom. After cutting, you should put the bonsai back in its special bowl. Here's how you do it:

  1. First you should fill a drainage layer made of gravel or grit into the planter.
  2. Now you can put the freshly cut bonsai in the bowl.
  3. Then fill everything with bonsai soil.
  4. Then there is a top layer of moss, gravel or mulch on top.

If you adhere to all of these care measures, you will enjoy your bonsai tree for a long time.

If you are already cutting the bonsai, you can also multiply it straight away. You can find out how to do this here.